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20 Job Skills for Front End and Back End Developers

Who is a Front-End developer?

A front-end developer uses programming languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to implement web designs. The front-end developers are in charge of the website’s design and appearance.

Who is a Back-End developer?

On the other hand, back-end developers program what happens behind the scenes, such as databases. While front-end developers are in charge of the visible aspects of a website, back-end programmers are in charge of designing, fixing, and changing the aspects of a software application or information system that the average user never sees. 

What are the job skills for Front End and Back End Developers?

Job skills for Front End Developers

1. HTML/CSS

HTML/CSS

HTML is the most fundamental building block required for website development. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is the language used to present the HTML documents.

HTML is used to lay the groundwork for your page. On the other hand, CSS is used to create the page’s layout, color, fonts, and style. Both of these languages are required to become a front-end developer.

2. JavaScript/ jQuery

JavaScript is another helpful tool for front-end developers. If you want to add interactive features to your websites, such as audio and video, games, scrolling capabilities, and page animations, you’ll need JS.

JavaScript includes libraries such as jQuery. It is a collection of plugins and extensions that make using JS on your website faster and easier. 

3. Frameworks

CSS and JavaScript frameworks are groups of CSS or JS files that work together to perform various tasks. 

Frameworks have advantages and disadvantages, so it is critical to select the best framework for the website you are creating. 

4. Responsive Design

We view web pages on various devices such as computers, phones, and tablets. The web pages automatically adjust to the device you’re using, requiring no additional effort from you. It is due to the responsive design. One of the essential roles of a front-end developer is to understand responsive design principles and implement them on the coding side.

5. Version Control/Git 

Version control is the process of tracking and controlling changes to your source code, so you don’t have to start from scratch if something goes wrong. It is a tool that allows you to track previous changes so that you can go back to an earlier version of your work and figure out what went wrong without tearing it all down.

6. Testing/Debugging 

Testing is an essential component of any project to avoid glitches. As a result, a front-end developer must be able to test and debug code. There are various web development testing methods. 

7. Browser Developer Tools

Modern web browsers include developer tools for testing and debugging. These tools allow you to test web pages in the browser and determine how the page interprets the code.

An inspector and a JavaScript console are common components of browser developer tools. The inspector shows you what the runtime HTML on your page looks like, what CSS is associated with each element on the page, and lets you edit your HTML and CSS and see the changes as they happen in real-time. 

8. Web Performance

It is critical to ensure that your website runs smoothly and without glitches. The amount of time it takes for your website to load is referred to as web performance.

9. CSS Preprocessing 

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet CSS preprocessors are more advanced versions of CSS. It is more than just a language for improving styling elements; it also allows developers to avoid repetitive tasks such as writing CSS selectors and color strings.

10. Command Line

The graphical user interface (GUI) is an essential part of web development and coding. However, an all-purpose GUI will have limitations in some applications. Sometimes, you may need to open a terminal on your computer to enter typed commands or command lines to get what you need.

Job skills for Back End Developers

1. Python

If you want to work as a back-end developer, you should learn Python. It can handle both simple and complex web projects with ease. 

It supports a variety of programming styles and offers excellent data visualization. Python is also relatively simple to learn. Python is an essential skill for back-end developers to have.

2. Java

To begin, let us honestly state that Java is not JavaScript. Java is designed primarily for back-end development. Java can handle more demanding programming tasks than its front-end counterpart.

Java is a helpful skill for back-end developers because it is a high-performance language that supports object-oriented programming and can run on any Java Virtual Machine system.

3. PHP

PHP, or Hypertext Preprocessor, is a popular and widely used server-side language in the development industry. Unlike Python and Java, PHP is a scripting language, which means it interprets scripts — i.e., programming instructions — at runtime to automate routine processes or improve application performance.

4. SQL

SQL, or Structured Query Language, has given back-end developers the ability to access and manipulate relational databases as needed. SQL enables programmers to insert and delete records quickly, run queries against a database, create new tables and store procedures in a database, and even set permissions for those tables and procedures.

5. Git

Git is an excellent option if you’re looking for a widely used modern version control system that will meet your needs. It is actively maintained and open-sourced. Git is one of the most high-performing, flexible, and secure back-end developer skills.

6. SOAP/REST

REST (Representational State Transfer) and SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) are two web technologies related to the APIs. Again, APIs are software programs that allow different web applications to interact and share information, and REST and SOAP are what developers refer to as the platforms used to build and manage APIs.

7. Ruby

Ruby is a programming language that is used in conjunction with Rails. It prioritizes conventions over configuration, which benefits back-end developers by preventing them from wasting valuable development time configuring files to begin the development process.

8. Server

A solid understanding of Linux is highly beneficial when it comes to server administration.

9. Build Tools

Back-end developers use tools to automate some of the build processes, provide documentation, coding best practices, and much more. Maven and Gradle are two popular build tools in the Java ecosystem. 

10. Communication

While a back-end developer must have many technical skills, some non-technical ones are important, and communication is at the top of that list. Developing strong communication skills will make it easier to collaborate, whether with other back-end developers or front-end developers working on the same projects. 

Conclusion

Nowadays, becoming a front-end or back-end developer or having your own web or mobile app development company is an excellent option for those interested in programming and passionate about technology.

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